A mixed-mode phase field fracture model in anisotropic rocks with consistent kinematics
Eric Bryant & WaiChing Sun
Under a pure tensile loading, cracks in brittle, isotropic, and homogeneous materials often propagate such that pure mode I kinematics are maintained at the crack tip. However, experiments performed on geo-materials, such as sedimentary rock, shale, mudstone, concrete and gypsum, often lead to the conclusion that the mode I and mode II critical fracture energies/surface energy release rates are distinctive. This distinction has great influence on the formation and propagation of wing cracks and secondary cracks from pre-existing flaws under a combination of shear and tensile or shear and compressive loadings. To capture the mixed-mode fracture propagation, a mixed-mode I/II fracture model that employs multiple critical energy release rates based on Shen and Stephansson, IJRMMS, 1993 is reformulated in a regularized phase field fracture framework. We obtain the mixed-mode driving force of the damage phase field by balancing the microforce. Meanwhile, the crack propagation direction and the corresponding kinematics modes are determined via a local fracture dissipation maximization problem. Several numerical examples that demonstrate mode II and mixed-mode crack propagation in brittle materials are presented. Possible extensions of the model capturing degradation related to shear/compressive damage, as commonly observed in sub-surface applications and triaxial compression tests, are also discussed. [URL]
An updated Lagrangian LBM-DEM-FEM coupling model for dual-permeability fissured porous media with embedded discontinuities
Kun Wang & WaiChing Sun
Many engineering applications and geological processes involve embedded discontinuities in porous media across multiple length scales (e.g. rock joints, grain boundaries, deformation bands and faults). Understanding the multiscale path-dependent hydro-mechanical responses of these interfaces across length scales is of ultimate importance for applications such as CO2 sequestration, hydraulic fracture and earthquake rupture dynamics. While there exist mathematical frameworks such as extended finite element and assumed strain to replicate the kinematics of the interfaces, modeling the cyclic hydro-mechanical constitutive responses of the interfaces remains a difficult task. This paper presents a semi-data-driven multiscale approach that obtains both the traction-separation law and the aperture-porosity-permeability relation from micro-mechanical simulations performed on representative elementary volumes in the finite deformation range. To speed up the multiscale simulations, the incremental constitutive updates of the mechanical responses are obtained from discrete element simulations at the representative elementary volume whereas the hydraulic responses are generated from a neural network trained with data from lattice Boltzmann simulations. These responses are then linked to a macroscopic dual-permeability model. This approach allows one to bypass the need of deriving multi-physical phenomenological laws for complex loading paths. More importantly, it enables the capturing of the evolving anisotropy of the permeabilities of the macro- and micro-pores. A set of numerical experiments are used to demonstrate the robustness of the proposed model. [DRAFT]
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